8 February 2019
Permanent staff appointments decline at start of 2019 amid uncertain outlook

Latest news from REC

  • Permanent placements fall for first time in two-and-a-half-years
  • Vacancy growth edges down to 27-month low
  • Sharper fall in candidate availability leads to further increases in starting pay


According to the latest KPMG and REC, UK Report on Jobs, rising economic uncertainty and ongoing candidate shortages weighted on UK labour market performance at the start of 2019.

The report, which is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 UK recruitment and employment consultancies, showed that workers placed into permanent roles declined for the first time since mid-2016 during January, whilst growth in demand for staff softened to its lowest in over two years.

Latest data also showed that worker availability to take up new roles continued to decline. This was primarily linked to high UK employment levels, but also hesitancy amongst workers to switch positions given heightened Brexit uncertainty. Pay pressures subsequently remained high, with salaries and temp wages both increasing strongly since December.

Renewed fall in permanent placements

Looking at the latest survey results in greater detail, recruitment consultants registered the first drop in permanent staff appointments for two-and-a-half years in January amid concerns over Brexit and a further deterioration in candidate availability. Temp billings meanwhile rose at the joint-slowest pace in nearly six years of continuous growth.

Whilst demand for staff remained strong at the start of 2019, overall vacancies increased at the slowest pace for 27 months. Notably, softer increases in demand were signalled for both permanent and temporary workers during January.

Candidate supply falls at quickest pace for 20 months sustaining pay pressures

The number of people available to take up new roles continued to decline sharply in January. Shrinking labour supply was often linked to high employment in the UK, as well as hesitancy among potential candidates to move roles amid Brexit-related uncertainty.

With vacancies rising and labour supply falling further, starting pay continued to increase sharply in January. Notably, permanent starters’ salaries and temp wages both rose at historically strong rates.

Regional and Sector Variations

Data split by English regions showed that permanent placements fell in the Midlands, the North of England and London, with modest growth evident in the South of England. Temp billings increased in the Midlands and the South of England but fell in the North of England and London.

Meanwhile, a softer rise in demand for staff in the private sector occurred alongside a renewed fall in public sector job vacancies during January.

In the private sector, growth of demand for permanent and temporary workers edged down to a 29- and 72-month low, respectively. Meanwhile, vacancies fell marginally for both permanent and temporary public sector staff.

The steepest increase in permanent staff demand was seen for Accounting/Financial, followed by Engineering and IT & Computing. The only sector to register lower permanent job vacancies was Retail.

Hotel & Catering topped the league table for demand for temporary staff in January, closely followed by Nursing/Medical/Care. Vacancies also rose across all other job sectors, with the weakest expansion seen in Retail.


Neil Carberry, Recruitment & Employment Confederation chief executive, said:

“This is the first month since July 2016 where permanent placement numbers have dropped, with weaker – but still positive – performance for temporary roles, and the lowest rate of vacancy growth for over two years. But we should be careful not to overreact – employment rates are high, and the performance of our labour market overall is still strong. We also know that key sectors such as accounting, engineering and IT are facing shortages.

“That said, the survey results are a sharp reminder to politicians in Westminster and in Brussels of the need to provide businesses with clarity about the path ahead, so they can invest with confidence.

“In the public sector, the NHS continues to find it particularly difficult to find care workers and nurses – the effects of which are being felt by patients and overworked existing staff. Along with other sector shortages, this again emphasises the need for pragmatism on immigration and a clear post-Brexit transition period.”

Commenting on the latest survey results, James Stewart, Vice Chair at KPMG, said:

“With Brexit just days away now, it’s definitely a nervous time for recruiters. January marked the first fall in permanent staff appointments since the referendum and we’ve seen a sharp decline in the number of candidates entering the jobs market. This is pushing up starting salaries at historically strong rates.

“Both employers and employees are in ‘wait and see mode’ now and there is little reason to believe the brakes will come off the jobs market before we find out what sort of Brexit the UK is about to experience.

“The majority of sectors across the UK economy are now more cautious, and hiring more slowly than they were 12 months ago. Indeed, the retail sector is actually shedding permanent staff.

“Nationally the number of permanent staff appointments has fallen considerably in the North region, Midlands region and London. The exception is the Southern region where the number of permanent staff appointments continues to grow, albeit more slowly.”

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